Monday, 08 January 2024 07:20

KENYA LAUDED FOR INTERVENTIONS IN UNLOCKING MULTILEVEL CLIMATE CHANGE ACTION FINANCE AT COP 28

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Governors led by the Council of Governors (CoG) Chairperson H.E Anne Waiguru have hailed efforts by the National and County Governments in unlocking the flow of climate finance to the sub-national level.
Addressing delegates during a session on ‘Uniting leaders: States and Regions Unlock Multi-level climate action’ on the sidelines of the 28th Conference of Parties (COP28) held in Dubai from 30th November to 12th December 2023, Governor Waiguru noted that devolved financing models for adaptation have been piloted in Kenya, showing strong evidence of effectiveness.
“Piloting of innovative decentralized - County Climate Change Funds took place between 2011-2018 by the Adaptation Consortium in the ASAL counties of Garissa, Isiolo, Kitui, Makueni, and Wajir. The financial and governance structures for the county’s climate actions were designed, demonstrated, and strengthened while ensuring that local communities were central in the decision making on resilience building and adaptation investments,” she noted.
The CoG Chair further highlighted that Kenya has pioneered a climate change governance mechanism to increase finance for local climate action including the establishment of The County Climate Change Fund (CCCF) which focuses on finance, public participation, climate information, monitoring and evaluation. It consists of climate legislation enacted by county governments and a county-controlled fund that finances climate projects identified and prioritized by local communities.
“The legislation provide for allocation of estimated 1%-3% of development budgets to climate action in the 47 counties with 45 counties having already enacted the legislations”, she said pointing out the need to address bottlenecks such as limited capacity, policy and regulatory uncertainty, risk perception and financial constraints.
“Locally led adaptation approaches and accelerated climate financing is key in fostering meaningful climate action interventions for resilient livelihoods across County Governments,” added her Vihiga counterpart and Chair, CoG Environment and Climate Change Committee H.E Dr. Wilber Ottichilo.

Kenya is implementing the Financing Locally-Led Climate Action (FLLOCA) Programme that seeks to strengthen the capacity of sub national Governments to plan, track and implement climate resilient projects through climate proofing of investments and cushioning communities from climate shocks and stressors. The design process of this programme adopted an inter-agency approach which involved the National Treasury, the Climate Change Directorate, CoG, County Governments and other key stakeholders to spearhead efforts to improve local climate action as per their respective mandates as prescribed in the National Climate Change Action Plan.
Following the inception of the FLLOCA Programme, the financing model has now been adopted by all 47 County Governments in Kenya with Counties receiving USD 8.9 million for County Institutional support under FLLOCA while another USD 66.3 Million for climate resilient investment grant will be disbursed during the current financial year.
Governors joined delegates from various states and regions across the world to engage in candid discussion on matters climate change.
Speaking during a session on “Averting & Addressing Disaster Displacement in the Context of Climate Change: Partnerships and effective practices for action and support”, H.E Nathif Jama highlighted that disasters linked to natural hazards such as floods and pro-longed droughts, as well as the adverse impacts of climate change, are one of the main drivers of contemporary displacement.
The session singled out the Bangladesh relocation strategy as a model which can be replicated and adopted in other regions. Further, it highlighted the need for: Government driven programs to suppport vulnerable communities who are displaced; synergy, coherence, and partnership amongst all stakeholders; operationalization of the loss and damage fund and; interventions to address climate instigated injustice.
The PAMAD project (Project to Avert, Minimize and Address Displacement Related to the Effects of Climate Change) was also highlighted as instrumental in offering a structured approach to building resilience. Through this project, the "Scorecard Addendum on Displacement" tool has been developed by United Nations Disaster Risk Reduction and Norwegian Refugee Council to assess and strengthen Counties’ disaster displacement capacities. This initiative has become a beacon, guiding target counties towards becoming a Resilience Hub and setting a precedent for other Counties to follow.
“This Project has significantly supported various counties, including Kisumu, Mombasa, and Homa Bay, in enhancing local government capacities to manage displacement effectively,” noted H.E Cecily Mbarire while delivering her remarks during a side event on “Action and Support to Avert, Minimize, and Address Displacement Related to the Adverse Effects of Climate Change”.
Other sessions where County Governments participated include: Climate action at the Frontline. Sharing Kenya’s Experiences at the sub national level; High-Level Dialogue on the Horn of Africa Initiative: Building Resilience in the Horn of Africa and; Building Multi-level Governance Mechanisms for Accelerated Action.
It was resolved among others that: the National Government and County Governments to develop a post COP 28 road map of action to cascade the discussions and outcome of the COP to County Governments and Communities; the carbon markets regulations to be fast tracked to ensure counties and communities who are at the front line of conservation benefit from the proceeds of carbon credit; there is need to fast track operationalization of the loss and damage financing instrument.

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